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Enforcement Actions and Raids in the Age of Trump

??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????As I write this article, the Saratoga thoroughbred racing season is just days away from its opening day. The trainers, veterinarians, farriers and jockeys can all be seen milling around the barns and training track. Downtown, the community is buzzing with visitors from all over the world, and the restaurants and other hospitality-based businesses are filled to capacity.

Meanwhile, in Washington, D.C., our president is planning large-scale enforcement actions and raids, apparently in ten major cities across the country. Media outlets are reporting that the raids will take place in Atlanta, Baltimore, Chicago, Denver, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, New York City, and San Francisco.

Although not a major city (size-wise anyway), the President’s proposed actions have people and businesses worried in my own hometown of Saratoga Springs. Unfortunately, it is now common to see U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (“ICE”) conducting enforcement actions in our community.  It started in earnest in the Spring of 2017, and it continues today.  It is having a real impact on service-industry businesses. This time of year, it also impacts the race track’s back stretch workers.

The back stretch workers are absolutely essential to the horse racing industry.  They do all of the little things to make our track experience enjoyable (and candidly they perform jobs that most U.S. workers don’t want to do.).  A great many of these workers are foreign workers. And although most of these workers are here lawfully, certainly some are not.  Likewise, in our restaurants and hotels, many of the back-of-the-house workers that you rarely if ever see are also foreign workers.  And yes, I am sure some of them are not here lawfully.

President Trump’s enforcement actions and raids are happening amid a very tight labor market nationally.  Saratoga Springs is fortunate to have very low unemployment.  But with that comes issues associated with hiring and retaining enough workers to fill year-round labor needs, including the bump that employers need during track season.

Some reports suggest that President Trump’s immigration raids will focus on migrant family units with final orders of removal.  Other reports have indicated that targeted individuals will be minors who came into the U.S. without their parents and have since turned 18, individuals who were ordered removed in absentia, and individuals who missed a court hearing and did not thereafter respond to letters mailed to their homes by the Department of Justice.  The common theme seems to be the mass round-ups of vulnerable families from Central America who have fled to the United States to seek asylum and have since been ordered removed.

In this era of enforcement actions and raids, it is critically important that we remember that every person living in the United States, including those individuals who are undocumented immigrants or otherwise here unlawfully, have certain rights under our Constitution, whether they be in public, in their workplace, or in their home.

If you know someone who is undocumented or otherwise present in the United States unlawfully, and an ICE officer stops them on the street or in a public place, they have rights.  First, they have the right to remain silent. They do not need to speak to the immigration officers or answer any of their questions.  Second, they may refuse a search. If they are stopped for questioning but are not arrested, they do not need to consent to a search of themselves or their belongings.  (An officer may “pat down” an individual’s clothes, however, if he or she suspects an individual has a weapon.)  Finally, every individual has the right to speak to a lawyer. If an individual is detained or taken into custody, then he or she has the right to immediately contact a lawyer.

If an individual is in their home, and an ICE officer knocks on their door, in addition to all of the above rights, they do not have to open the door or let the officers into their home unless they have a valid search warrant signed by a judge.  Finally, if an ICE officer comes to someone’s work place, they again must have a valid search warrant or the consent of the employer to enter non-public area.

For additional Know Your Rights resources, I would encourage you to check out either the Immigration Legal Resource Centeror the American Civil Liberties Union.

The President’s enforcement plans are a monumental waste of time and resources and, as always, grounded in politics.  We should all remain focused on real solutions to the immigration problem that has plagued our country for longer than I care to remember.  The members of our community who are being arrested, detained and deported are mothers, fathers and children.  They’re our neighbors.  They’re the people who make your summer in Saratoga experience all that you want it to be for you and your families.  Let’s stop playing games and starting working on real solutions. It’s about time.

 

Increase in ICE Sweeps in Saratoga Springs, NY: More Proof of a Broken Immigration System

boydadimmigrationrallyI suppose I shouldn’t be surprised that U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (“ICE”) has now conducted two (2) sweeps in my hometown of Saratoga Springs, New York.  “If you’re in this country illegally and you committed a crime by entering this country, you should be uncomfortable,” Acting ICE Director Thomas Homan recently told the House Appropriations Committee’s Homeland Security Subcommittee.  “You should look over your shoulder, and you need to be worried.”  Nice, right?  No, not really.  Not at all.  The result?  According to reports, twenty six (26) men have been picked up off the streets of their (and my) community and detained, initially at the Albany County Jail and thereafter at the Buffalo Federal Detention Facility in Batavia, New York.  Some of them will be placed in removal (i.e., deportation”) proceedings.  Others may already be in removal proceedings.  Yet others may have previously been removed and later came back to the United States, presumably unlawfully.  Those individuals will have their prior removal orders reinstated and will be removed again.  There may be other scenarios too.  I know.  Some were my clients.  Some are now my clients.

Public opinion is mixed as to what happened.  Some good, some not so good.  Here’s my take.

These individuals are fathers, husbands, brothers, cousins, and perhaps sons too.  Some and perhaps all of them played very important roles in our community.  In some respects, they were the backbone of our community.  That is, some, and perhaps all of them, worked for businesses that we frequent.  And some, although I am sure not all, worked for those business legally (e.g., pursuant to valid Employment Authorization Documents that our government issued to them while their applications for political asylum are being adjudicated by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services).  It’s ironic, isn’t it?  On the one hand, our government issues these individuals Employment Authorization Documents so they can lawfully work in the United States while they wait for USCIS to adjudicate their asylum applications.  On the other hand, ICE picks them up off the streets and then detains them.

And what about the employers who employ these workers, and particularly those who were lawfully working for them?  Summer has officially started, and opening day of the Saratoga Race Course is now only weeks away.  Employers in service-based industries, and particularly the restaurant and hospitality fields, are particularly affected.  Quite candidly, these individuals work in jobs that the very vast majority of American workers do not want. (Trust me, it’s true.)

Is the Saratoga Race Course next?  This is the time of year you see long lines in front of the race track.  These are not fans going to see the races.  That’s for next month.  No, these are lines filled with hundreds of people hoping to get summer jobs at the track.  Those jobs are for what I will call “front of the house” positions, like gate attendants who take your money, people who sell programs, and food and beverage providers.  Of course there are many more.

The “many more” include the back stretch workers who are absolutely essential and who do all of the little things to make our track experience enjoyable.  These are the trainers, exercise riders, jockeys, grooms, farriers, veterinarians, muckers, jockey agents, and all the other positions associated with horse racing.  A great many of these workers are foreign workers.  And although many of these workers are no doubt here lawfully, dare I say that some are not?  Will ICE be on the race track’s doorstep next?

There are three issues that we’re dealing with here.  On the one hand, what’s happening to the foreign workers who have been picked up?  What about their families, some of whom are U.S. citizens?  Each of their situations will be different.  Each one may (or may not) have relief to stay in the United States long-term.  Time will tell.

On the other hand, we’ve got the employers.  Track season is the biggest part of their year, and right now those in the restaurant and hospitality industry are dealing with unexpected (and unwanted) labor issues.

And on the “third” hand, we’re in a very tight labor market right now.  Saratoga Springs is fortunate to have very low unemployment.  But with that comes issues associated with hiring enough workers to fill year-round labor needs, including the bump that employers need during track season.

The solution?  How about an immigration system that works?  One that is responsive to the legitimate needs of our business community.  Unfortunately, our immigration system is broken, and it’s been broken for a very long time.  But that doesn’t mean that federal law enforcement officials should be coming into our community and creating unnecessary fear among our friends, families and neighbors.  What we need are meaningful and compassionate solutions from our “friends” in Washington, D.C.  What’s the over – under that that will happen anytime soon?

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